List of Bluegrass Trees

blue ash, Fraxinus quadrangulata, on farm

List of Bluegrass Trees

This table is a list of all trees we know to be in the Bluegrass, and indicates whether they are found in the woodland pasture habitat or not.  The list of Nashville Basin trees is similar, but with some differences.  The list is derived from the USDA Plants database and our own observations. 

FamilySpeciesCommon NameKY NativeBluegrassWoodland Pastures
AceraceaeAcer barbatumsouthern sugar mapleYesNoNo
AceraceaeAcer campestrehedge mapleNaturalized, uncommonUncommonNo
AceraceaeAcer ginnalaAmur mapleNaturalized, uncommonNoNo
AceraceaeAcer negundoBoxelderYesYesNo
AceraceaeAcer nigrumBlack mapleYesYesCommon
AceraceaeAcer pensylvanicumStriped mapleYesNoNo
AceraceaeAcer platanoidesNorway mapleNaturalized, uncommonUncommonNo
AceraceaeAcer rubrumRed mapleYesEastern countiesNo
AceraceaeAcer saccharinumSilver mapleYesYesNo
AceraceaeAcer saccharumSugar mapleYesYesCommon
AceraceaeAcer spicatumMountain mapleYesNoNo
HippocastanaceaeAesculus flavaYellow buckeyeYesAlong the Kentucky RiverNo
HippocastanaceaeAesculus glabraOhio buckeyeYesAbundantAbundant
HippocastanaceaeAesculus paviaRed buckeyeYesReported in Fayette CountyNo
SimaroubaceaeÿAilanthus altissimatree-of-heavenNaturalized, abundant in urban areas, disturbed rural areasCommon in urban areasNo
FabaceaeAlbizia julibrissinsilktreeNaturalized, common around rural homes, disturbed areasUncommon, disturbed areasNo
RosaceaeAmelanchier arboreaDowny serviceberryYesAbundantNo
RosaceaeAmelanchier laevisSmooth serviceberryYesNoNo
AraliaceaeAralia spinosaHercules-clubYesNoNo
AnnonaceaeAsimina trilobaPawpawYesAbundantNo
BetulaceaeBetula alleghaniensisYellow birchYesNoNo
BetulaceaeBetula lentaSweet birchYesNoNo
BetulaceaeBetula nigraRiver birchYesUncommonNo
MoraceaeeBroussonetia papyriferapaper-mulberryNaturalized, locally commonOccasional in urban areasNo
BetulaceaeCarpinus carolinianaAmerican hornbeam,YesCommon, along creeksNo
JuglandaceaeCarya aquaticaWater hickoryYesNoNo
JuglandaceaeCarya carolinae-septentrionalisSouthern shagbark hickoryYesNoNo
JuglandaceaeCarya cordiformisBitternut hickoryYesAbundantCommon
JuglandaceaeCarya glabraPignut hickoryYesAbundantCommon
JuglandaceaeCarya illinoinensisPecanYesReported in Anderson County and along Ohio RiverNo
JuglandaceaeCarya laciniosaShellbark hickoryYesCommonCommon
JuglandaceaeCarya ovalisRed hickoryYesAbundantCommon
JuglandaceaeCarya ovataShagbark hickoryYesAbundantNo
JuglandaceaeCarya pallidaSand hickoryYesNoNo
JuglandaceaeCarya tomentosaMockernut hickoryYesCommonOccasional
FagaceaeCastanea dentataAmerican chestnutYesNoNo
BignoniaceaeCatalpa speciosaNorthern catalpaYesCommon, introducedCommon, introduced
UlmaceaeCeltis laevigataSugarberryYeswestern counties along riversRare
UlmaceaeCeltis occidentalisCommon hackberryYesAbundantAbundant
UlmaceaeCeltis tenuifoliaDwarf hackberryYesCommonNo
FabaceaeCercis canadensisRedbudYesAbundantAbundant
OleaceaeChionanthus virginicusFringetreeYesNoNo
FabaceaeCladrastis kentukeaYellowwoodYesCommon along Kentucky RiverNo
ClethraceaeClethra acuminataSweet pepperbushYesNoNo
CornaceaeCornus alternifoliaAlternate-leaved dogwoodYesCommonNo
CornaceaeCornus drummondiiRough-leaved dogwoodYesCommonNo
CornaceaeCornus floridaFlowering dogwoodYesCommonNo
CornaceaeCornus racemosaGray dogwoodYesNoNo
BetulaceaeCorylus americanaAmerican hazelnutYesOccasional along creeksNo
RosaceaeCrataegus calpodendronPear hawthornYesUncommonNo
RosaceaeCrataegus chrysocarpafireberry hawthornYesUncommonNo
RosaceaeCrataegus crus-galliCockspur hawthornYesCommonNo
RosaceaeCrataegus flabellataFan-leaf hawthornYesNoNo
RosaceaeCrataegus intricataCopenhagen hawthornYesUncommonNo
RosaceaeCrataegus mollisDowny hawthornYesCommonNo
RosaceaeCrataegus phaenopyrumWashington hawthornYesCommonOccasional
RosaceaeCrataegus pruinosaWaxy-fruited hawthornYesUncommonNo
RosaceaeCrataegus punctataLarge-fruited hawthornYesNoNo
RosaceaeCrataegus spathulataLittle-hip hawthornYesNoNo
RosaceaeCrataegus unifloraOne-flower hawthornYesNoNo
RosaceaeCrataegus viridisGreen hawthornYesNoNo
EbenaceaeDiospyros virginianaPersimmonYesCommonCommon
ThymelaeaceaeDirca palustrisLeatherwoodYesUncomonNo
ElaeagnaceaeElaeagnus angustifoliaRussian oliveNaturalized, widespreadOccasional, disurbed sites, No
ElaeagnaceaeElaeagnus umbellataautumn oliveNaturalized, widespreadOccasional, disurbed sites, No
CelastraceaeEuonymus atropurpureusWahooYesAbundantNo
FagaceaeFagus grandifoliaAmerican beechYesCommon along rivers, lower slopesNo
OleaceaeFraxinus americanaWhite ashYesAbundantAbundant
OleaceaeFraxinus pennsylvanicaGreen ashYesCommonNo
OleaceaeFraxinus profundaPumpkin ashYesNoNo
OleaceaeFraxinus quadrangulataBlue ashYesCommon in dry woodsAbundant
FabaceaeGleditsia aquaticaWaterlocustYesNoNo
FabaceaeGleditsia triacanthosHoneylocustYesAbundantCommon
FabaceaeGymnocladus dioicusKentucky coffeetreeYesCommonCommon
StyracaceaeHalesia tetrapteraCarolina silverbellYesNoNo
HamamelidaceaeHamamelis virginianaWitch-hazelYesCommonNo
AquifoliaceaeIlex deciduapossumhawYesNoNo
AquifoliaceaeIlex montanaMountain hollyYesNoNo
AquifoliaceaeIlex opacaAmerican hollyYesUncommonNo
AquifoliaceaeIlex verticillataCommon winterberryYesNoNo
JuglandaceaeJuglans cinereaWhite walnut, butternutYesRareRare
JuglandaceaeJuglans nigraBlack walnutYesAbundantAbundant
CupressaceaeJuniperus virginianaEastern red-cedarYesAbundantAbundant
LauraceaeLindera benzoinSpicebushYesAbundantUncommon
HamamelidaceaeLiquidambar styracifluaSweetgumYesCommon along riversOccasional
MagnoliaceaeLiriodendron tulipiferaTuliptree, yellow-poplarYesAbundantCommon
MoraceaeeMaclura pomiferaOsage-orangeNaturalized, abundantAbundantAbundant
MagnoliaceaeMagnolia acuminataCucumber magnoliaYesNoNo
MagnoliaceaeMagnolia fraseriFraser magnoliaYesNoNo
MagnoliaceaeMagnolia macrophyllaBigleaf magnoliaYesNoNo
MagnoliaceaeMagnolia pyramidataPyramid magnoliaYesNoNo
MagnoliaceaeMagnolia tripetalaUmbrella magnoliaYesNoNo
RosaceaeMalus angustifoliaSouthern crabYesNoNo
RosaceaeMalus coronariaSweet crabYesUncommonNo
RosaceaeMalus ioensisPrairie crabYesNoNo
MoraceaeeMorus albawhite mulberryNaturalized, abundantCommon in urban areasUncommon
MoraceaeeMorus rubraRed mulberryYesOccasionalUncommon
CornaceaeNyssa aquaticaSwamp tupeloYesNoNo
CornaceaeNyssa bifloraSwamp gumYesNoNo
CornaceaeNyssa sylvaticaBlack gumYesUncommonNo
BetulaceaeOstrya virginianaHop-hornbeamYesCommon
EricaceaeOxydendrum arboreumSourwoodYesCommonNo
PaulowniceaeÿPaulownia tomentosaRoyal paulowniaNaturalized, locally commonOccasional in disturbed sitesNo
PinaceaePinus echinataShort-leaf pineYesNoNo
PinaceaePinus rigidaPitch pineYesNoNo
PinaceaePinus strobusWhite pineYesNoNo
PinaceaePinus taedaloblolly pineNaturalized in Western KentuckyNoNo
PinaceaePinus virginianaVirginia pineYesNoNo
UlmaceaePlanera aquaticaWater-elmYesNoNo
PlatanaceaePlatanus occidentalisSycamoreYesAbundantAbundant
SalicaceaePopulus albawhite poplarNaturalized locally around rural homesOccasional, disurbed sites, No
SalicaceaePopulus deltoidesEastern cottonwoodYesCommon along Kentucky, Salt RiversNo
SalicaceaePopulus grandidentataBig-toothed aspenYesOccasionalNo
SalicaceaePopulus heterophyllaSwamp cottonwoodYesNoNo
RosaceaePrunus americanaAmerican plumYesAbundantOccasional
RosaceaePrunus angustifoliaChickasaw plumYesOccasionalNo
RosaceaePrunus hortulanaHortulana plumYesNoNo
RosaceaePrunus mexicanaMexican plumYesUncommonNo
RosaceaePrunus munsonianaWild goose plumYesUncommonNo
RosaceaePrunus serotinaWild black cherryYesAbundantAbundant
RosaceaePrunus virginianaCommon chokecherryYesOccasionalNo
RutaceaePtelea trifoliataCommon hop-treeYesCommon along creeksNo
RosaceaePyrus calleryanacallery pearNaturalized, widespread in and around urban areasCommon, disturbed sitesNo
FagaceaeQuercus albaWhite oakYesCommon, except uncommon in Inner BluegrassNo
FagaceaeQuercus bicolorSwamp white oakYesOccasional along Kentucky, Licking RiversNo
FagaceaeQuercus coccineaScarlet oakYesNoNo
FagaceaeQuercus falcataSouthern red oakYesCommonNo
FagaceaeQuercus imbricariaShingle oakYesOccasionalOccasional
FagaceaeQuercus lyrataOvercup oakYesUncommon, reported in Fayette, JessamineNo
FagaceaeQuercus macrocarpaBur oakYesCommonCommon
FagaceaeQuercus marilandicaBlackjack oakYesNoNo
FagaceaeQuercus michauxiiSwamp chestnut oakYesNoNo
FagaceaeQuercus montanaChestnut oakYesOccasional around perimeterNo
FagaceaeQuercus muhlenbergiiChinquapin oakYesCommonAbundant
FagaceaeQuercus nigraWater oakYesNoNo
FagaceaeQuercus pagodaCherrybark oakYesNoNo
FagaceaeQuercus palustrisPin oakYesEastern counties, intergrades with Shumard oakNo
FagaceaeQuercus phellosWillow oakYesNoNo
FagaceaeQuercus prinoidesdwarf chinkapin oakYes, locally in Bell, Harlan CountiesNoNo
FagaceaeQuercus rubraNorthern red oakYesUncommonNo
FagaceaeQuercus shumardiiShumard oakYesAbundantCommon
FagaceaeQuercus stellataPost oakYesCommonNo
FagaceaeQuercus texanaNuttall?s oakYesNoNo
FagaceaeQuercus velutinaBlack oakYesUncommonNo
RhamnaceaeRhamnus carolinianaCarolina buckthornYesCommonNo
RhamnaceaeRhamnus lanceolataLance-leaved buckthornYesCommonNo
FabaceaeRobinia pseudoacaciaBlack locustYesAbundantCommon
SalicaceaeSalix carolinianaCarolina willowYesAlong the Kentucky RiverNo
SalicaceaeSalix eriocephalaDiamond willowYesUncommonNo
SalicaceaeSalix fragiliscrack willowNaturalized, widespread, may be more common than black willowCommon along riversNo
SalicaceaeSalix interiorsandbar willowYesCommon along creeksNo
SalicaceaeSalix nigrablack willowYesCommon along riversNo
LauraceaeSassafras albidumsassafrasYesAbundantOccasional
SapotaceaeSideroxylon lycioidesBuckthorn bullyYesNoNo
StaphyleaceaeStaphylea trifoliabladdernutYesAbundant near creeksNo
TheaceaeÿStewartia ovatamountain stewartiaYesNoNo
StyracaceaeStyrax americanusAmerican wnowbellYesNoNo
StyracaceaeStyrax grandifoliusbigleaf snowbellYesNoNo
CupressaceaeTaxodium distichumbaldcypressYesUncommon along Kentucky RiverNo
CupressaceaeThuja occidentalisNorthern whitecedarYesNoNo
TiliaceaeTilia americanaAmerican basswoodYesCommonUncommon
PinaceaeTsuga canadensiseastern hemlockYesNoNo
UlmaceaeUlmus alatawinged elmYesOccasional along Kentucky, Salt RiversNo
UlmaceaeUlmus americanaAmerican elmYesCommonOccasional
UlmaceaeUlmus rubraslippery elmYesCommonOccasional
UlmaceaeUlmus serotinaseptember elmYesNoNo
UlmaceaeUlmus thomasiirock elmYesUncommonOccasional